FOUNDING MEMBERS OF THE COOPERATION
Nyíregyháza is the centre of Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county, it is a county city since 1990 (before that, since 1989 it was a county level city). It is also the headquarter of Nyíregyháza district. It is the seventh biggest city in the country, with the population of more than 119 000 people.
Nyíregyháza is a continuously growing, modern and youthful city, which has shown in the last few years, that significant economic results can be achieved even in the eastern region of the country and investments can be created, which are also remarkable according to the European standards as well. Several job creating and maintaining projects were implemented in the recent past, which means a progressive economic growth for the city and safety for the population.
Just to mention some results of the city: 31 institutions were modernized with the help of tenders in 2014.These were 5 nursery schools, 6 kindergartens and 4 primary schools. The municipal hospital and 9 family doctor’s offices were renewed, just to mention some of them. The emblematic renewed building of the Váci Mihály Cultural Centre provides place for several cultural programs and the Bujtosi Recreation Hall will be soon the citadel of many international sport events as its modernization and the interior renovation of the building is in progress.
Several municipal institutions were energetically modernized in Nyíregyháza in 2014 and we have not spoken about the rehabilitation of the different parts of the city or the road and sidewalk constructions, which have affected almost every parts of the city. The road safety and public safety were also improved with e.g: the development of the public lighting or surveillance camera systems.
Nyíregyháza is a really important city from touristical point of view. The visitors can take pleasure in the city’s gem, Sóstógyógyfürdő, but can also bathe in the Sóstó Spa or any of the four spas of the city and enjoy the thermal water, furthermore, SóstóZoo can be seen with thousands of animals. The Sóstó Museum Village can be visited, where folk architecture from different regions of the county is presented. It is worth to take time to visit Tuzson János Botanical Park, the City Gallery or the permanent and temporary exhibitions at Jósa András Museum. During a charming walk in the city centre different artworks can be seen in public places, there are nice parks and several cafes provides pleasant relaxation at the end of our walk. Among the beautiful buildings of the city, the City Hall can be seen with its original beauty, which was built in 1873 in eclectic style and there can also be seen the County Hall, which was built in 1892. The Bujtosi Lake and Park, the forest playground and the beautiful Sóstó Park Forest are waiting for those, who love the outdoor activities and trips. Further happenings at Nyíregyháza County City can be followed at the official website – www.nyiregyhaza.hu – , where you can get first-hand information about the developments, events and programs in the city.
Szatmárnémeti (Satu Mare)
Location: The territory of Satu Mare is about 150.30 square kilometers. It lies in the north-western corner of Romania, in the valley of the Szamos river, about 126 meters above sea level (47˚47′ on north width and 22°52′ east longitude). According to its location, it can be easily reached from the Hungarian and Ukrainian borders, it is a real border town. There are border crosses to Hungary (through Csengersima) for passenger- and freight traffic, and to Ukraine (D’jakovo) for rail freight traffic. It is connected to other large cities like Oradea, Baia Mare and Zalau by major highways. Another important option for its accessibility is the international airport of Satu Mare. Based on the location, Satu Mare lies in the former floodplain of the River Szamos, on both sides. Now, the river is clamped by embankments, but somewhere in the past the majority of the city was ruled by the river, so the landscape in the area is characterized by river channels, backwaters and natural alluvium dams. The development of Satu Mare was highly influenced by the Szamos river. This area provided an appropriate place for the development of human settlements, it also helped to improve its economic role. (Through many centuries the Castle of Satu Mare – which was impregnable because of the Szamos river – was the main reloading centre of the salt, which was floated from Transylvania. Its Hungarian name – Szatmár – comes from the original Salt Market, then it became the phonetical Satu Mare.)
Population: According to the data of the latest census in 2011, the population of Satu Mare is 102.411. The inhabitants are mostly Romanian native speakers (58,9%) and the number of Hungarian native speakers is also significant (34,6%). According to the data of the latest census, the rest of the population identified themselves as other ethnic groups (Germans, Jews, Gipsy, etc.)
Spectacles and monuments in Satu Mare:
- Fire Tower
- Dacia Hotel (former Pannónia)
- Palace of the Roman Catholic Bishop
- Northern Theatre
- Churches of different religions, old buildings and residential houses
Sister cities of Satu Mare:
- Wolfenbüttel – Germany
- Zutphen – the Netherlands
- Nyíregyháza – Hungary
- Beregovo – Ukraine
- Reszow – Poland
Beside the previously mentioned cities, Satu Mare has a close friendly relationship and cooperation with the following cities: Schwaz (Austria), Darmstadt (Germany), Bereg (Ukraine), Ujhorod (Ukrainde), Udine (Italy). Further information can be found about Satu Mare on the official website of the city: www.satu-mare.ro
Dr. Ferenc Kovacs